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Kor 27 2008
LAW NO.2004/11 ON MEASUREMENT UNITS
e diel , 27 korrik 2008

LAW NO.2004 / 11

 

ON MEASUREMENT UNITS

 

The Assembly of Kosovo,

Pursuant to Regulation No. 2001/9 on a the Legal Framework for Provisional Self-Government in Kosova, in particular articles 5.1 (d), 9.1.1, 9.3.3, 11.2,

Approves:

LAW ON MEASUREMENT UNITS

General Provisions

Article 1

This law defines establishment of measuring units in Kosovo, designation and their symbols, the scope and areas of mandatory application of such units, and the their manner of application in Kosova pursuant to the International Document of the International Committee of Legal Metrology: CIML 1975 D.I.No.1/.

.

Article 2

Application of measuring units shall be obligatory in the following areas:

a. In the economic domain (production, construction, electrical power supply, industry, commerce), health and sanitary services, and environment protection.

b. In laws, by-laws, school textbooks, contracts, announcements, inscriptions, and in all other official acts and documents

Article 3

The definition, appraisal and manner of usage of measuring units shall be determined by rules and by-laws, and recognized standards drafted by the Legal Metrologic Institute of Kosova and are approved by the Ministry of Trade and Industry.

Measuring Units

Article 4

Legal Measuring Units in Kosova are the following:

4.1 International System Units (thereafter: SI Units) are:

i. SI Base Units (Table 1)

ii. SI Derived Units with specific names and symbols (Table 2)

iii. SI Derived Units, whose names and symbols include SI derived units with specific names and symbols (Table 3

4.2 A limited number of permitted units, out of the SI international system:

i. Units out of the SI permitted for a wider use (table 4);

ii. Units out of the SI permitted for use, values of which are determined experimentally (table 5);

iii. Units out of the SI permitted for use in special occasions (table 6).

4.3 Other units out of SI forbidden for use:

i. Derived units of the CGS system, with special names forbidden for use, (table 7)

ii. Units out of SI forbidden for use (table 8).

4.4 Prefixes:

i. Prefixes in SI, (table 9);

ii. Prefixes for binary multiple, (table 10);

iii. Comparisons with prefixes SI, (table 11).

4.5 Names and symbols of the size and units of the SI system and out of the SI system, presented in paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 4 of this article, are given in the annex no.1, which is a part of this law.

Article 5

Besides legal measurement units set out in Article 4 of this Law, other measuring units may also be used in Kosova, provided that:

a. the usage of such measurement units is recognized by international agreements

b. such measuring units are used abroad for a commodity, a service or data, or by Kosova where these units are used.

Article 6

If during the process, when an imported commodity, a service, or information is placed into circulation, or in cases when data expressed in measuring units are inconsistent with the provisions of this Law, they must also be expressed in measuring units approved by this Law.

Article 7

For transfer or processing of the data, measuring units may be expressed in symbols, which are specifically regulated by a limited set of symbols, in accordance with international norms.

Article 8

Supervising the regularity of the measuring units, is carried out by the market inspection, whereas the expertise on measuring units is done by the Legal Metrology Institute of Kosova on the request of the market inspection, Court, Customs, and other physical and juridical parties.

Punitive Provisions

Article 9

9.1. A penalty of 1000 € to 5000 € shall be imposed for a legal person, if in the circulation of goods or while performing services, they do not use measuring units established by this Law (Article 4, 5 and 6).

9.2. If in violation of Paragraph 1 of this Article, a fine of 50 € to 500 € shall be imposed on the responsible person of a firm or any other legal person.

Article 10.

10.1. A penalty of 500 € to 2500 € shall be imposed for a legal person, if during his or her business uses measuring units that are inconsistent with provisions of this Law (Article 4).

10.2. If in violation of Paragraph 1 of this Article, a fine of 50 € to 500 € shall be imposed on the responsible person of a firm or any other legal person.

Article 11.

11.1. A penalty of 150 € to 500 € shall also be imposed on an entrepreneur if he/she does not use measuring units with the names and symbols established by this Law (Articles 4 and 5).

11.2. For violations of provisions under Paragraph 1of this Article, a penalty of 50 € to 250 € shall be imposed on the responsible person of a firm or any other legal person.

Article 12.

12.1. A penalty of 150 € to 500 € shall be imposed on a physical person, who carries out an economic activity by his own work, if he/she commits any of the actions provided for under Articles 9, 10 and 11 of this Law.

Article 13

The incomes that are generated from the application of provisions of this law are deposited to the Kosovo Consolidated Budget.

Final Provisions

Article 14

This law shall supersede all other previous laws and by-laws that govern measuring units.

Article 15

This law shall enter into force after its approval by the Assembly of Kosova and as of the date of its promulgation by the SRSG.

UNMIK/ REG/2004/14

28.05.2004

Appendix No. 1

International System SI Base Units used for measuring physical magnitudes and phenomena are the following:

Table 1: SI Base Units
Base Quantity
Base Unit
Name
Symbol
Name
Symbol
Length
l
meter
M
Mass
m
kilogram
Kg
Time
t
seconds
S
Electric current
I
Ampere
A
Thermodynamic temperature
T
Kelvin
K
Amount of substance
n
Mole
Mol
Luminous intensity
Iv
Candela
Cd
Table 2: SI derived units, whose names and symbols include SI derived units with specific names and symbols
Derived quantity
Derived Unit SI
Name
Symbol
Expressed in other SI Units
Expressed by SI Base Units
Plane angle
radian (a)
rad
-
m·m-1 = 1 (b)
Solid angle
steradian (a)
sr (c)
-
m2·m-2 = 1 (b)
Frequency
hertz
Hz
-
s-1
Force
newton
N
-
m·kg·s-2
Pressure, stress
pascal
Pa
N/m2
m-1·kg·s-2
Energy, work, quantity of Heat
joule
J
N·m
m2·kg·s-2
Power, radiant flux
watt
W
J/s
m2·kg·s-3
Electric charge, quantity of electricity
coulomb
C
-
s·A
Electric potential difference,
electromotive force
volt
V
W/A
m2·kg·s-3·A-1
Capacitance
farad
F
C/V
m-2·kg-1·s4·A2
Electric resistance
ohm

V/A
m2·kg·s-3·A-2
Electric conductance
siemens
S
A/V
m-2·kg-1·s3·A2
Magnetic flux
weber
Wb
V·s
m2·kg·s-2·A-1
Magnetic flux density
tesla
T
Wb/m2
kg·s-2·A-1
Inductance
henry
H
Wb/A
m2·kg·s-2·A-2
Celsius temperature
degree Celsius
°C
-
K
Luminous flux
lumen
lm
Cd·sr (c)
m2·m-2·cd = cd
Luminance
lux
lx
Lm/m2
m2·m-4·cd = m-2·cd
Activity (of a radionuclide)
becquerel
Bq
-
s-1
Absorbed dose, specific energy (imparted), kerma
gray
Gy
J/kg
m2·s-2
Dose equivalent (d)
sievert
Sv
J/kg
m2·s-2
Catalytic activity
katal
kat

s-1·mol
Table 3: SI derived units, whose names and symbols include SI derived units with specific names and symbols
Derived Quantities

Derived Unit SI
Name
Symbol
Dynamic viscosity
pascal second
Pa·s
Moment of force
newton meter
N·m
Surface tension
newton per meter
N/m
Angular velocity
radian per second
rad/s
Angular acceleration
radian per second squared
rad/s2
Heat flux density, irradiance
watt per square meter
W/m2
Heat capacity, entropy
joule per Kelvin
J/K
Specific heat capacity, specific entropy
joule per kilogram Kelvin
J/(kg·K)
Specific energy
joule per kilogram
J/kg
Thermal conductivity
watt per meter Kelvin
W/(m·K)
Energy density
joule per cubic meter
J/m3
Electric field strength
volt per meter
V/m
Electric charge density
coulomb per cubic meter
C/m3
Electric flux density
coulomb per square meter
C/m2
Permittivity
farad per meter
F/m
Permeability
henry per meter
H/m
Molar energy
joule per mole
J/mol
Molar entropy, molar heat capacity
joule per mole Kelvin
J/(mol·K)
Exposure (x and rays)
coulomb per kilogram
C/kg
Absorbed dose rate
gray per second
Gy/s
Radiant intensity
watt per steradian
W/sr
Radiance
watt per square meter steradian
W/(m2·sr)
Catalytic (activity) concentration
katal per cubic meter
kat/m3
Table 4: Units out of SI generally accepted and used
Quantity
Unit
Name
Symbol
Name
Symbol
Value in SI Units
Time
t
Minute
hour
Day
min
h
d
1 min = 60 s
1 h = 60 min
1 d = 24 h
Plane Angle
?
Degree
Minutes
Seconds
°
'
"
/180)?1 ° = ( rad
1' = (1/60)'
1" = (1/60)"
Volume
V
Liter
L
1 L = 1 dm3
Mass
m
Metric tone
t
1 t = 103 kg
log

Neper
Np
1 Np = 1
In

Bel
B
1 B = (1/2)ln 10 Np
Clarification: 
It is allowed the use of some units that entered deeper use such as:
  • Traditional math units for measuring the angles: arch scale, arch minute and arch.
  • Traditional units for measuring of civil time (minute, hour, day and year).
  • Two measuring unties that are often used in the daily life: liter for volume and ton for large mass.
Two logarithmic units: neper and bel. 
Table 5: Units out of SI permitted for use values of which are determined experimentally
Quantity
Unit
Name
Symbol
Name
Symbol
Value in SI Units
Energy
E
Electron volt
eV
1 eV = 1,602 18*10-19 J
(approximately)
Mass
m
Unified atomic mass unit
u
1 u = 1,660 54*10-27 kg (approximately)
Length
l
astronomic unit
ua
1 ua = 1,495 98*1011 m (approximately)
Clarification: 
It is allowed the use of some scientific units out of SI which present important constants in science such as: astronomic unit for length, atomic unit for mass or Dalton for quantity and electron and Volt for energy which are given in table 5.  
Table 6: Units out of SI accepted for use in specific areas
Quantity
Unit
Symbol
Value in SI Units
Length
Nautical mile

1 Nautical mile = 1852 m
speed
knot

1 Nautical mile per hour = (1852/3600) m/s
Linear
densitety
texs

1 texs=10-6kg/m=1mg/m
Pressure of liquids of human body
millimeter Colon with mercury
mmHg
1 mmHg=133322Pa
surface
are
a
1 a = 1 dam2 = 102 m2
hectare
ha
1 ha = 1 hm2 = 104 m2
Pressure
bar
bar
1 bar = 0.1 MPa = 100 kPa = 1000 hPa = 105 Pa
Length
Ångström
Å
1 Å = 0.1 nm = 10-10 m
Section
barn
b
1 b = 100 fm2 = 10-28 m2
Clarification: 
It is allowed the use of some metric and non-metric units which are in traditional use in different scientific fields. The use of these units should be understood in the way that in the case of any use the correlation of them with respective international units- SI should be given. These are:
  • Nautical mile as a unit of speed and knot as unit of speed which is traditionally used in marine and meteorology.
  • Acre and hectare units often used for surface (in Albania it s also used a lot the very old unit with Turkish origin - dulum that is 10 acres).
  • Bar as a unit of pressure with all its manifolds and submultiples build according to the respective prefixes such as milibar in meteorology and kilobar in technique.
  • angstrom (ångström) as a unit of length in physics and barn as a unit of efficient section in nuclear physics.
Table 7: Derived units of the CGS system with special names
Quantity
Name
Symbol
Value in SI Units
Work energy
erg
erg
1 erg = 10-7 J
force
din (dyn)
dyn
1 dyn = 10-5 N
Viscose
puaz (poise)
P
1 P = 1 dyn s/cm2 = 0.1 Pa s
stoks (stokes)
St
1 St = 1 cm2/s = 10-4 m2/s
Magnetic induction
gaus
G
1 G 10-4 T
The intensity of the magnetic filed
oersted
Oe
1 Oe (1000/4) A/m
Magnetic flux
maksuell
Mx
1 Mx 10-8 Wb
Brightness
stilb
sb
1 sb = 1 cd/cm2 = 104 cd/m2
Illumination
fot (phot)
ph
1 ph = 104 lx
acceleration
gal
Gal
1 Gal = 1 cm/s2 = 10-2 m/s2
Clarification: 
In table 7 are given units that can be found in literature and it is preferable that readers avoid them. With the help of this table they are transformed into the SI units and after the values are allowed for use. 
Table 8: Units out of SI forbidden for use
Quantity
Name
Symbol
Value in SI Units
The activity of radionuclide
Curie
Ci
1 Ci = 3.7*1010 Bq
Exposure of X or gama rays
Roentgen
R
1 R = 2.58*10-4 C/kg
Absorption dosage of ionization
Rad
rad
1 rad = 1 cGy = 10-2 Gy
Equivalent dosage
Rem
rem
1 rem = 1 cSv = 10-2 Sv
length
unit X

1 unit X 1,002*10-4 nm
Submultiples of unit Tesla
gama

1 = 1 nT = 10-9 T

jansky
Jy
1 Jy = 10-26 W · m-2 · Hz-1
length
fermi

1 fermi = 1 fm = 10-15 m
mass
Metric carat

1 karat metrik = 200 mg = 2*10-4 kg
pressure
torr
Torr
1 Torr = (101 325/760) Pa
Normal atmosphere
atm
1 atm = 101 325 Pa
heat
calorie
cal
1 cal = 4,1868 J
Length
mikron
µ
1 µ = 1 µm = 10-6 m
Clarification: 
In table 8 are given the units out of SI and it is preferable that readers avoid them. If they are found in literature, they should first of all be transformed in SI units according to this table and after the achieved values are usable in SI.  
Table 9 : Prefixes SI
Factor
Name
Symbol
1024
Jota
Y
1021
Zeta
Z
1018
Ekza
E
1015
Peta
P
1012
Tera
T
109
Giga
G
106
mega
M
103
kilo
K
102
hekto
H
101
deka
da
Factor
Name
Symbol
10-1
deci
d
10-2
centi
c
10-3
mili
m
10-6
mikro
μ
10-9
nano
n
10-12
piko
p
10-15
femto
f
10-18
ato
a
10-21
zepto
z
10-24
jokto
y

 
Clarification: 
SI prefixes are used to create decimal units. Decimal units are created from:
  • all basic units of SI, except the unit of kilogram-kg (tab.2).
  • all derived units SI especially named, except unit of degree celzius-0C (tab. 3).
  • These units out of SI allowed to be used in special occasions and named especially: liter (L), tex (tex), bar (bar), elektronvolt (eV), and varn (var).
Table 10 : Prefixes for multiple binary  
Name
Symbol
 Factor  
kibi
Ki
210 = 1024
mebi
Mi
220 = 1 048 576
gibi
Gi
230 = 1 073 741 824
tebi
Ti
240 = 1 099 511 627 776
pebi
Pi
250 = 1 125 899 906 842 624
eksbi
Ei
260 = 1 152 921 504 606 846 975
zebi
Zi
270 = 1 180 591 620 717 411 303 424
jobi
Yi
280 = 1 208 925 819 614 629 174 706 176

Clarification: 

In December 1998 IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), has approved standard names and symbols of prefixes for multiple binary. These prefixes are given in table 7. The names are formed from two first letters of the international prefix for multiples (ki, me, gi, ti, pi, ex, ze, yo), from letters bi that means binary and that can be applied in unit bit or byte. The symbols of binary multiples are formed from the symbol of international multiples- SI (K, M, G, T, P, E, Z, Y) and the letter i (Ki, Mi, Gi, Ti, Pi, Ei, Zi, Yi). In this case the multiple kilo got the symbol K and it can also be k. 

Table 11: Comparisons with prefixes SI  

a kibibit
 1 Kibit = 210 bit = 1 024 bit
a kilobit
 1 kbit = 103 bit = 1 000 bit
a mebibajt
 1 MiB = 220 B = 1 048 576 B
a megabajt
 1 MB = 106 B = 1 000 000 B
a gibibajt
 1 GiB = 230 B = 1 073 741 824 B
a gigabajt
 1 GB = 109 B = 1 000 000 000 B
Clarification:
In table 11 are some examples of comparisons of binary units with international units.

Last Updated ( e mërkurë , 11 mars 2009 )
 
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